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Week in Review: Can’t Win for Losing [Oct. 14-22]

It was quite a week for the capital markets. It was also a losing week for the S&P 500 despite a 2.6% gain on Thursday following the September CPI report.

One might be inclined to think that the CPI report was good. It was not. Total CPI was up 8.2% year-over-year, versus 8.3% in August, and core CPI, which excludes food and energy, was up 6.6% versus 6.3% in August. That was the highest level for core CPI since August 1982.

The capital markets reacted accordingly (initially) in the wake of that disappointing report. Stock prices screamed lower, Treasury yields shot higher, and the U.S. Dollar Index spiked. In the process, the S&P 500 fell to a new low for the year (3,491.58).

The move to that low, however, also included a 50% retracement of the pandemic rally. That realization ignited a technically oriented rebound effort that was exacerbated by short-covering activity and computer-driven buy programs. It was a monster rebound, too. A rally in the UK gilt market, which followed reports that Prime Minister Truss might scale back her fiscal stimulus plan, added fuel to the rebound effort.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average swung 1,507 points from its intraday low to its intraday high on Thursday; the S&P 500 ended with a 2.6% gain after dropping 2.4%; and the Nasdaq Composite closed with a 2.2% gain after an early 3.2% decline.

Alas, there was no follow through on Friday.

Although the S&P 500 would push as high as 3,712 on Friday, it quickly fell back as gilt yields rose sharply on festering worries about the state of the gilt market now that the Bank of England has withdrawn its emergency liquidity support, the 10-yr Treasury note yield topped 4.00%, and the recognition set in that Thursday’s rally lacked fundamental credibility.

Some better-than-expected earnings results from JPMorgan Chase (JPM), Citigroup (C), Wells Fargo (WFC), and UnitedHealth (UNH) provided a modicum of support but it was not enough to offset the broad-based selling pressure that picked up when the 10-yr note yield moved above 4.00%.

That move followed a preliminary University of Michigan Index of Consumer Sentiment report for October that showed a pickup in one-year and five-year inflation expectations. If nothing else, the inflation expectations data served as a reminder that the market got carried away with its post-CPI rally on Thursday.

It also stood out to market participants that the 10-yr UK gilt yield shot up to 4.38% (from 4.07% overnight) after Prime Minister Truss announced a scaled back fiscal stimulus plan and the firing of Finance Minister Kwarteng.

When the BoE announced its emergency gilt purchase operations on September 28, the 10-yr gilt yield stood at 4.32%, so the move above that level going into the weekend created some anxiety about what might unfold Monday in the gilt market when the BoE is back to the sidelines.

The selloff in the stock market on Friday was an orderly affair, which made it feel worse because there was very little interest from buyers. The same can be said for retail sales in September. There wasn’t much added buying interest.

Total retail sales were flat month-over-month while retail sales, excluding autos, were up just 0.1%. The retail sales numbers are not adjusted for inflation, so the lackluster numbers for September suggested consumers were pulling back on spending activity in the face of high inflation.

We haven’t spent much time talking about the early portion of the week, but that’s because it was a truly back-end loaded week in terms of news drivers. The one exception perhaps was JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon’s observation on Monday that he thinks the economy will be in a recession in six to nine months and that the market could easily fall another 20% if there is something like a hard landing.

Separately, the IMF cut its 2022 global growth forecast to 2.7% from 2.9%, reports indicated new restrictions were being implemented in Chinese cities because of rising Covid cases, and President Biden indicated that there will be consequences for Saudi Arabia following the agreement to cut oil production. Russia, meanwhile, stepped up its missile attacks on Ukraine cities.

Thursday’s trade notwithstanding, it was not a good week for a variety of reasons.

The hardest-hit sectors were consumer discretionary (-4.1%), information technology (-3.2%), utilities (-2.6%), and real estate (-2.4%). The Philadelphia Semiconductor Index, though, fared the worst of all, dropping 8.3%. Those sectors managing gains for the week included consumer staples (+1.5%), which got help from a good report out of PepsiCo (PEP),  health care (+0.8%), and financials (+0.2%).

The U.S. Dollar Index increased 0.5% for the week to 113.30.

 

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Source: Briefing Investor

Mike Minter

Mike develops investment portfolio allocations, handles trading and rebalancing, and conducts research and analysis as a Portfolio Manager and Financial Advisor for the firm. As a perpetual student of investing and the markets, Mike considers himself obsessed with the subject. Mike has earned the CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ (CFP®) and Certified Fund Specialist® designations. He is also an active member of the Houston chapter of the Financial Planning Association (FPA).   Read Mike’s Profile HereRead More Articles by Mike

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